Rat-Tailed Maggot, RTM Pearls

Competent Vector-Host-Pathogen Interplay: maggots in action 

Figure: hatched rat-talied larvae from rotten banana stem & Pupae of rat-tailed larvae                                                         

Myiasis - Rat-tailed Maggots - Leeches - Medical Framework

Public concern about human myiasis, ecto- or intestinal parasitism; has been on the rise since incidents of non conventional terrorist attacks like anthrax poisoning, food sabotage and the use of food as a weapon of terrorism first surfaced in
2001. The challenge to push the advancement of food and water safety into the next centuries have become more critical and urgent as the need to protect consumers from unintentional and deliberate food-water contamination have arisen given the complexities of immigration and food environments in our world global village.

We first came across life rat-tailed maggots, exotic creatures described initially as artifacts, in November 1996 in Dschang, Cameroon, West Africa. We were led into the world of rat-tailed maggots through its scourges and burdens on some of our loved ones. Since then working in an enclosed and bounded field of unknowing, we have come up with the following resource as the first step towards gathering and documenting the scarce scattered literature and many faces of rat-tailed maggots & larvae, its relatives and their scourges. 

Location of Dschang, Cameroon West-Central Africa

Two goals:

  •  enable and build a knowledge-base and data-bank on rat-tailed maggots & hatched Larvae for use as reference
  •  document the anatomy and entomology of myiasis resulting from ecto- & endo-parasitism of animals and man

What we have on this page and on the subsequent and linked pages is a Special Panoramic Collection, a Compendium & Resource on leeches, maggots and larvae as a way to move forward in understanding Our Diverse World of Rat-Tailed Maggot and other Larval Infestation.

Like other broad compilations and databases, we have attempted to give credit to the sources as much as possible. In some cases, we have unintentionally failed to give adequate credit & also excluded some important data. In all cases, we crave your indulgence to the evolving piece of work and request that readers kindly call our attention to any errors, omissions & commissions using the following contact address. 

A memory lasts forever!!! Never does it die - so should be our memory of rat-tailed maggots & larvae!

RTM Pearls - Union College
Prof. Fidelis Achenjang
310 College St. Box 819
Barbourville, KY 40906
tel: +1 606-546 1275, fax: +1 606- 546 1636 fachenjang@gmail.com


And this much we know, that whereas we were blind, now we see

Links to other Windshield data ...
Diverse Faces of MyiasisSnapshot About The Plight
Virtual Hats of Rat-Tailed MaggotsLeeches & Maggots

Geography & Global Incidence of

Rat-Tailed Maggots & Myiasis

Bibliography & References Re-Rat-tailed Maggots & Myiasis

1. Aguilera et al. (1999) Intestinal Myiasis Caused by Eristalis tenax Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 37 (9), 3082

2. Achenjang, F., Mbizoh, J., Fondong, V., Mpoame, M., Tume, C., & Ghogomu, R (2003) Human Intestinal Myiasis due to rat-tailed maggots in Dschang Area Of Cameroon, West Africa: unpublished data

3. Aguilera A., Cid A., Regueiro BJ, Prieto JM, Noya M. (1999) Intestinal Myiasis Caused by Eristalis tenax J Clin Microbiol; 37(9): 3082

4. Hira P. R. Rectal myiasis: first report on a case due to rat-tailed larva of Eristalis tenax in Africa. East Afr Med J. 1977; 54: 224-226

5. Mutaj, R., Aoufi, S., Agoumi,A., Balouch, L., Sbiti, M., & Benjelloum, D. B. 2000 A case of gastric mysiasis due to larva of Eristalis tenax (Linne, 1758) (Insecta: Diptera). Parasite, 7, 56-57

6. Reuters, (2006) Cape Town calms fears of rat-tailed maggot plague in AlertNet News, April 12.

7. Whish-Wilson, P. B. (2000) A possible case of intestinal myiasis due to Eristalis tenax (letter) Med Journ. Australia; 173: 652-653

8. Panoramic Record of Rat-tailed Maggot Incidence and its Burden on the African Community; F. Achenjang, V. N. Fondong & J. N. Mbizoh:

9. Lebialem Rat-tailed Maggot Disease & its Economic Burden; Fidelis Achenjang, Vincent Fondong, John Mbizoh & Anthony Asong; (2006) unpublished data

10. Rat Tailed Maggots as Agents of Intestinal Myiasis; Lalita Bennett & Fidelis Achenjang; (2006) unpublished data

11. Boran Altincicek & Andreas Vilcinskas, (2007) Analysis of the immune-inducible transcriptome from microbial stress resistant, rat-tailed maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax; BMC Genomics 8:326 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471- 2164/8/326

More articles on Myiasis & Rat-Tailed Maggots can be found in the following links: 

Bibliography & references on Myiasis & Rat-tailed maggots